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The Constitutional basis for conducting the decennial census is to reapportion the U.S. House of Representatives. Apportionment is the process of distributing the 435 memberships, or seats, in the U.S. House of Representatives among the 50 states.
Data on the number of new housing units authorized by building permits. The data are from the Building Permits Survey.
Census of Governments
Identifies the scope and nature of the nation's state and local government sector including public finance and public employment and classifications.
Congressional and Intergovernmental
This office advises Congress, and tribal and intergovernmental associations on Census Bureau programs and policies, and advises the Census Bureau’s management.
Government Employee Retirement Systems
Government Retirement Systems provides revenues, expenditures, financial assets, and membership information for state and local government retirement systems.
Government Employment & Payroll
Statistics on the number of state and local government civilian employees and their gross payrolls for the month of March.
Government Finances (Local Gov Finance/State Gov Finance)
Government finances include revenues, expenditures (spending), debt, and assets (cash and security holdings).
Government Organization & Structure
Information about state and local governments, including the number of governments in the U.S.
Government Taxes (State Tax Collections/ Quarterly Tax Revenues)
State and local government tax collections by major tax category including property, income and sales taxes.
Program Income and Public Assistance
Public assistance refers to assistance programs that provide either cash assistance or in-kind benefits to individuals and families from any governmental entity
The Census Bureau provides state legislatures with the small area census population tabulations necessary for legislative redistricting.
Survey of State Government Research and Development (SGRD)
Measures the extent of R&D activity performed and funded by the governments of each of the nation’s 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
Voting and Registration
In election years, the Current Population Survey collects data on reported voting and registration, and later reports stats by turnout, age, race and origin.
Redistricting Data Program
Public Law 94-171 requires the Census to provide state legislatures with the small area census population tabulations necessary for legislative redistricting.
2020 Census Data Quality
We check the quality of our work every step of the way. When we release data, we make sure they meet our quality standards.
Historical Apportionment Data Map (Interactive)
This interactive tool enables users to view more than 10 decades of apportionment and population data.