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Supplemental Poverty Measure Publications

Official publications released by the U.S. Census Bureau have a report number and often list the lead author(s).

View the list of publications by topics or publications by series.

Browse more publications, including historical publications from the Census of Population and Housing, 2000 Census and 2010 Census.


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Publication
Poverty in the United States: 2021
This report presents data on poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2022 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2020
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2019
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2018
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2017
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2016
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2015
This is the sixth report describing research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2014
This is the fifth report describing research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2013
This is the fourth report describing research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2013
This report presents data on income and poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2014 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
The Research SUPPLEMENTAL POVERTY MEASURE: 2012
This report presents estimates of the prevalence of poverty in the U.S., overall and for selected demographic groups, using the official measure and the SPM.


Publication
Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the U.S.: 2012
This report has three sections—income, poverty, and health insurance coverage. Each section presents estimates by characteristics such as race, and nativity.


Publication
The Research SUPPLEMENTAL POVERTY MEASURE: 2011
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). It also identifies several major weaknesses of the current poverty measure.


Publication
Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the U.S.: 2011
This report presents data on income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States.


Publication
The Research SUPPLEMENTAL POVERTY MEASURE: 2010
Estimates of the prevalence of poverty in the United States, overall and for selected demographic groups, for the official and SPM measures.


Publication
Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the U.S.: 2010
This report presents data on income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States.


Publication
Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the U.S.: 2009
This report presents data on income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States.


Publication
Alternative Poverty Estimates in the United States: 2003
This report explains how alternative estimates were developed, and how the alternative and official measures offer different profiles of people in poverty.


Publication
Measures of Well-Being: Expenditures, Consumption, & Poverty 1998-2001
This report describes some possible next steps in the Census Bureau’s decades-long tradition of investigation into the measurement of poverty.


Publication
Experimental Poverty Measures: 1999
Based on recommendations from the NRC, the experimental measures incorporate the effects of key government policies aimed at the most needy families.


Publication
Poverty Among Working Families: Experimental Poverty Measures: 1998
This report shows that according to measures, people in full-time working families comprise a higher proportion of those in poverty than previously estimated.


Publication
Experimental Poverty Measures: 1990 to 1997
Based on recommendations from the NRC, the experimental measures incorporate the effects of key government policies aimed at the most needy families.


Publication
Measuring Poverty: A New Approach C. Citro and R. Michaels (Eds.)
The Social Security Administration began publishing poverty statistics in the early 1960s, using poverty measure developed by staff economist Mollie Orshansky.


Publication
The Measure of Poverty: Department of Health, Education and Welfare
The report deals with measuring the current status of the poor rather than with the causes or solutions to poverty.

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