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Income & Poverty Publications

Official publications released by the U.S. Census Bureau have a report number and often list the lead author(s).

View the list of publications by topics or publications by series.

Browse more publications, including historical publications from the Census of Population and Housing, 2000 Census and 2010 Census.


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Publication
Household Income: 2021
This brief uses the 2019 and 2021 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to report changes in median household income and the Gini index.


Publication
Poverty: 2019 and 2021
This brief uses the 2019 and 2021 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to analyze poverty rates for the nation, states, and largest metro areas.


Publication
Poverty Dynamics: 2017–2019
Using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation from 2017 to 2019, we examine poverty dynamics over the period.


Publication
Income in the United States: 2021
This report presents data on income, earnings, & income inequality in the United States based on information collected in the 2022 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
Poverty in the United States: 2021
This report presents data on poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2022 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
The Wealth of Households: 2020
This brief uses the 2021 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine household wealth in 2020.


Publication
The Wealth of Households: 2019
This brief uses the 2020 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine household wealth in 2019.


Publication
Income Sources of Older Households: 2017
This report examines older households’ sources of income, the amounts of this income, and how much each source of income contributes to total income.


Publication
An Analysis of the 2018 Congressional Election
This report summarizes the characteristics of those who voted and registered in the November 2018 election and in congressional elections since 1978.


Publication
Benefits Received by Veterans and Their Survivors: 2017
In 2017, almost one-half of veterans (46.7 percent) received at least one cash or noncash benefit from the VA or the military.


Publication
Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2020
This report presents data on health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the 2021 CPS ASEC.


Publication
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2020
This report presents data on income, earnings, income inequality & poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2021 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2020
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 2013–2016
Covering 01/2013-12/2016, this report describes poverty with different time horizons, the duration of poverty spells and the frequency into and out of poverty.


Publication
A Profile of Supplemental Security Income Recipients: 2017
This brief examines SSI receipt in 2017. It includes demographics for three age groups and benefit receipt from complementary programs among adult recipients.


Publication
Changes in Poverty Rates and Poverty Areas Over Time: 2005 to 2019
This brief uses the first instance of three non-overlapping ACS 5-year estimates to analyze poverty rates and poverty areas for the nation, states and counties.


Publication
Household Income by Race and Hispanic Origin: 2005–2009 and 2015–2019
This brief uses the 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 American Community Surveys (ACS) 5-year estimates to report changes in median household income by race and Hispanic


Publication
Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates: 2019
This document presents highlights of the 2019 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program of the U.S. Census Bureau in December 2020.


Publication
Household Income: 2019
This brief uses the 2018 and 2019 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to report changes in median household income and the Gini index.


Publication
Poverty: 2018 and 2019
This brief uses the 2018 and 2019 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to analyze poverty rates for the nation, states, and the largest metro areas


Publication
Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2019
This report presents data on health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the 2020 CPS ASEC.


Publication
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2019
This report presents data on income, earnings, income inequality & poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2018 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2019
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Wealth of Households: 2017
This brief uses the 2018 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine household wealth in 2017.


Publication
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Receipt for Households: 2018
This report presents data on SNAP receipt during 2018 at the national and state levels based on the 2018 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year estimates.


Publication
Family Participation Rates in Nutrition Assistance Programs: 2015
Reports family and individual participation in nutrition assistance programs in calendar year 2015, as reported in Wave 3 of the 2014 SIPP panel.


Publication
Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates: 2018
This document presents highlights of the 2018 data released by the Small area Income and Poverty Estimates program of the U.S. Census Bureau in December 2019.


Publication
Poverty: 2017 and 2018
This brief uses the 2017 and 2018 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to analyze poverty rates for 2018.


Publication
Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2018
This report presents data on health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the 2019 CPS ASEC.


Publication
Net Worth of Households: 2016
This brief describes the change in net worth according to the Survey of Income and Program Participation between 2015 and 2016.


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2018
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
Household Income: 2018
This report presents data on median household income and the Gini index of income inequality based on the 2017 and 2018 American Community Surveys (ACS).


Publication
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2018
This report presents data on income, earnings, income inequality & poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2017 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
Monthly Poverty Rates by Selected Demographic Characteristics: 2015
This report presents monthly and average monthly poverty rates for the United States in 2015.


Publication
Multidimensional Deprivation in the United States: 2017
This report uses the American Community Survey to create a Multidimensional Deprivation Index.


Publication
Net Worth of Households: 2015
This brief uses the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine household net worth in 2015 and compares it with net worth in 2014.

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