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Income & Poverty Publications

Official publications released by the U.S. Census Bureau have a report number and often list the lead author(s).

View the list of publications by topics or publications by series.

Browse more publications, including historical publications from the Census of Population and Housing, 2000 Census and 2010 Census.


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Publication
Household Income: 2021
This brief uses the 2019 and 2021 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to report changes in median household income and the Gini index.


Publication
Poverty: 2019 and 2021
This brief uses the 2019 and 2021 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to analyze poverty rates for the nation, states, and largest metro areas.


Publication
Poverty Dynamics: 2017–2019
Using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation from 2017 to 2019, we examine poverty dynamics over the period.


Publication
Income in the United States: 2021
This report presents data on income, earnings, & income inequality in the United States based on information collected in the 2022 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
Poverty in the United States: 2021
This report presents data on poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2022 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
The Wealth of Households: 2020
This brief uses the 2021 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine household wealth in 2020.


Publication
The Wealth of Households: 2019
This brief uses the 2020 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine household wealth in 2019.


Publication
Income Sources of Older Households: 2017
This report examines older households’ sources of income, the amounts of this income, and how much each source of income contributes to total income.

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