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Income & Poverty Publications

Official publications released by the U.S. Census Bureau have a report number and often list the lead author(s).

View the list of publications by topics or publications by series.

Browse more publications, including historical publications from the Census of Population and Housing, 2000 Census and 2010 Census.


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Publication
Changes in Poverty Rates and Poverty Areas Over Time: 2005 to 2019
This brief uses the first instance of three non-overlapping ACS 5-year estimates to analyze poverty rates and poverty areas for the nation, states and counties.


Publication
Household Income by Race and Hispanic Origin: 2005–2009 and 2015–2019
This brief uses the 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 American Community Surveys (ACS) 5-year estimates to report changes in median household income by race and Hispanic


Publication
Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates: 2019
This document presents highlights of the 2019 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program of the U.S. Census Bureau in December 2020.


Publication
Household Income: 2019
This brief uses the 2018 and 2019 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to report changes in median household income and the Gini index.


Publication
Poverty: 2018 and 2019
This brief uses the 2018 and 2019 American Community Surveys (ACS) 1-year estimates to analyze poverty rates for the nation, states, and the largest metro areas


Publication
Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2019
This report presents data on health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the 2020 CPS ASEC.


Publication
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2019
This report presents data on income, earnings, income inequality & poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2018 and earlier CPS ASEC.


Publication
The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2019
This report describes research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).


Publication
The Wealth of Households: 2017
This brief uses the 2018 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine household wealth in 2017.


Publication
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Receipt for Households: 2018
This report presents data on SNAP receipt during 2018 at the national and state levels based on the 2018 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year estimates.


Publication
Family Participation Rates in Nutrition Assistance Programs: 2015
Reports family and individual participation in nutrition assistance programs in calendar year 2015, as reported in Wave 3 of the 2014 SIPP panel.


Publication
Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates: 2018
This document presents highlights of the 2018 data released by the Small area Income and Poverty Estimates program of the U.S. Census Bureau in December 2019.

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