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Comparing 2021 American Community Survey Data

To learn more about comparing the 2012-2016 ACS 5-year estimates with the 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates, visit the 5-year to 5-year Comparison Guide page

Learn more about comparing the 2021 ACS 1-year estimates with:

  • 2019 ACS 1-year estimates
  • 2020 Census
  • 2010 Census

Data users should NOT compare 2020 ACS 1-year experimental estimates with any other data.  For more information, visit Comparing 2020 American Community Survey Data.

If you would like to compare the 2021 ACS 1-year estimates with ACS estimates prior to the 2019 ACS, please refer to the year-by-year comparison guidance throughout the entire time span. For example, to compare the 2021 ACS 1-year estimates with the 2018 ACS 1-year estimates, please reference:

  • Guidance for comparing 2021 ACS 1-year with 2019 ACS 1-year estimates
  • Guidance for comparing 2019 ACS 1-year with 2018 ACS 1-year estimates

For guidance on issues with specific geographies or methodological changes, visit the Errata Notes and User Notes pages.

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Age)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Age)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Age)

Compare with Caution

The population continually ages—people enter into older age groups while babies fill the youngest age group. This means that a completely different set of people make up each age group from one time period to the next. Since populations occasionally experience booms/increases (for example, the postwar Baby Boom from 1946-1964) and busts/decreases in births, deaths, or migration, one should not necessarily expect that the population in an age group in 2010 Census should be similar in size or proportion to the population in the same age group in different data year(s). For example, Baby Boomers were ages 46 to 64 in the 2010 Census while they were ages 57 to 75 in the 2021 1-year ACS, and ages 53 to 75 in the 2017-2021 5-year period. So, the age groups 65 to 69 and 70 to 74 would show considerable increase in population when comparing 2010 Census data with the single year or multiyear ACS data.

 

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Sex)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Sex)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Sex)

Compare 

 

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Race)

Compare with caution

Differences between 2021 ACS and 2019 ACS may be the result of demographic changes, and/or differences in question wording (the ACS question on race was revised in 2020 to make it consistent with the 2020 Census race question), processing, coding updates, or methodological differences in the population estimates used as controls.  For more information, see the ACS Race User Note: Improvements to the Race Question.

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Race)

Compare 

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Race)

Compare with Caution

Differences between 2021 ACS and 2010 Census  may be the result of demographic changes, and/or differences in question wording (the ACS question on race was revised in 2020 to make it consistent with the 2020 Census race question), processing, coding updates, or methodological differences in the population estimates used as controls. For more information, see the ACS Race User Note: Improvements to the Race Question.

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Hispanic or Latino Origin)

Compare with caution

Differences between 2021 ACS and 2019 ACS may be the result of demographic changes, and/or differences in question wording (the ACS question on Hispanic origin was revised in 2020 to make it consistent with the 2020 Census Hispanic origin), processing, coding updates, or methodological differences in the population estimates used as controls. For more information, see the ACS Hispanic Origin User Note: Improvements to the Hispanic origin question.

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Hispanic or Latino Origin)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Hispanic or Latino Origin)

Compare with Caution

Differences between 2021 ACS and 2010 Census may be the result of demographic changes, and/or differences in question wording (the ACS question on Hispanic origin was revised in 2020 to make it consistent with the 2020 Census Hispanic origin question), processing, coding updates, or methodological differences in the population estimates used as controls. For more information, see the ACS Hispanic Origin User Note: Improvements to the Hispanic origin question.

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Ancestry)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Ancestry)

 The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Ancestry)

 The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Citizenship Status)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Citizenship Status)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Citizenship Status)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Nativity)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Nativity)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Nativity)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Year of Entry)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Year of Entry)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Year of Entry)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Place of Birth)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Place of Birth)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Place of Birth)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Migration/Residence 1 Year Ago)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Migration/Residence 1 Year Ago)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Migration/Residence 1 Year Ago)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Means of Transportation to Work)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Means of Transportation to Work)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Means of Transportation to Work)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Place of Work)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Place of Work)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Place of Work)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Private Vehicle Occupancy)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Private Vehicle Occupancy)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Private Vehicle Occupancy)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Time Leaving Home)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Time Leaving Home)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Time Leaving Home)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Travel Time to Work)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Travel Time to Work)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Travel Time to Work)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Relationship to Householder)

Compare 

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Relationship to Householder)

Compare with Caution

Both the ACS and the 2020 Census used  a joint age, sex, and relationship edit. However, the ACS edit also incorporated marital status information into the editing process, while the 2020 Census did not. Differences in weighting schemes between the census and the ACS could produce inconsistencies in comparisons. 

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Relationship to Householder)

Compare with Caution

The ACS used a joint age, sex, and relationship edit and 2010 Census did not. The ACS also has a category for foster children which is not in the 2010 Census. Additionally, the ACS includes separate answer categories for opposite-sex and same-sex spouses and unmarried partners and does not include a roomer or boarder category.  Differences in weighting schemes between the census and the ACS could produce inconsistencies in comparisons.

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Grandparents as Caregivers)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Grandparents as Caregivers)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Grandparents as Caregivers)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Household/Family Type)

Compare 

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Household/Family Type)

Compare with Caution

Both the ACS and the 2020 Census used a joint age, sex, and relationship edit. However, the ACS edit also incorporated marital status information into the editing process, while Census 2020 did not. These  edits are used to determine categories of family types.  Differences in weighting schemes between the census and the ACS could produce inconsistencies in comparisons. 

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Household/Family Type)

Compare with Caution

The ACS used a joint age, sex, and relationship edit and 2010 Census did not. The ACS also has a category for foster children, which is not in the 2010 Census. Additionally, the ACS includes separate answer categories for opposite-sex and same-sex spouses and unmarried partners and does not include a roomer or boarder category.  Differences in weighting schemes between the census and the ACS could produce inconsistencies in comparisons.

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Subfamilies)

Compare

2019 ACS with 2020 Census (Subfamilies)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Subfamilies)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Marital Status)

Compare 

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Marital Status)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Marital Status)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Marital History)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Marital History)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Marital History)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Fertility)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Fertility)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Fertility)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Type of School & School Enrollment)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Type of School & School Enrollment)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census  (Type of School & School Enrollment)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Educational Attainment)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Educational Attainment)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Educational Attainment)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Field of Degree)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Field of Degree)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Field of Degree)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Ability to Speak English)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Ability to Speak English)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Ability to Speak English)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Language Spoken at Home)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Language Spoken at Home)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Language Spoken at Home)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Poverty Status of Families and People in Families)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year,  reference months in a calendar year overlap with the reference months in the preceding calendar year. Hence, comparing the 2021 ACS 1-year with the 2019 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2021 with those in 2019. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data.

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Poverty Status of Families and People in Families)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Poverty Status of Families and People in Families)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Poverty Status of All People in the Poverty Universe)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year,  reference months in a calendar year overlap with the reference months in the preceding calendar year. Hence, comparing the 2021 ACS 1-year with the 2019 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2021 with those in 2019. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data.

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Poverty Status of All People in the Poverty Universe)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Poverty Status of All People in the Poverty Universe)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Hearing / Vision difficulty)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Hearing / Vision difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Hearing / Vision difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Cognitive / Ambulatory / Self-care difficulty)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Cognitive / Ambulatory / Self-care difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Cognitive / Ambulatory / Self-care difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Independent Living difficulty)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Independent Living difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Independent Living difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Household and Family Incomes)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year, adjacent years will have some reference months in common. Hence, comparing the 2021 ACS 1-year with the  2019 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in  2021 with those in  2019. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. The Census Bureau recommends using CPI-U-RS adjustment factors published annually by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to adjust 2019 median, mean, and per capita income dollar amounts to 2021 dollars by multiplying the 2019 dollar amounts by the CPI-U-RS factor of 1.05976096.

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Household and Family Incomes)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Household and Family Incomes)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Sources of Household Income)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year, adjacent years will have some reference months in common. Hence, comparing the 2021 ACS 1-year with the 2019 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2021 with those in  2019. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. The Census Bureau recommends using CPI-U-RS adjustment factors published annually by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to adjust 2019 median, mean, and per capita income dollar amounts to 2021 dollars by multiplying the 2019 dollar amounts by the CPI-U-RS factor of 1.05976096.

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Sources of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Sources of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Earnings (people), Income (people), and Per Capita Income)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year, adjacent years will have some reference months in common. Hence, comparing the 2021 ACS 1-year with the 2019 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2021 with those in 2019. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. The Census Bureau recommends using CPI-U-RS adjustment factors published annually by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to adjust 2019 median, mean, and per capita income dollar amounts to 2021 dollars by multiplying the 2019 dollar amounts by the CPI-U-RS factor of 1.05976096. 

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Earnings (people), Income (people), and Per Capita Income)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Earnings (people), Income (people), and Per Capita Income)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Period of Military Service)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Period of Military Service)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Period of Military Service)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Veteran Status)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Veteran Status)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census  (Veteran Status)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Service-Connected Disability Status and Ratings)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Service-Connected Disability Status and Ratings)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Service-Connected Disability Status and Ratings)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Food Stamp/SNAP Benefit)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Food Stamp/SNAP Benefit)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Food Stamp/SNAP Benefit)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Employment Status)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Employment Status)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Employment Status)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Hours Worked)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Hours Worked)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Hours Worked)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Weeks Worked)

Compare

Beginning in data year 2019, respondents to the Weeks Worked question provided an integer value for the number of weeks worked.  For data years 2008 through 2018, respondents selected a category corresponding to the number of weeks worked.

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Weeks Worked)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Weeks Worked)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Class of Worker)

Compare 

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Class of Worker)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2019 ACS with 2010 Census (Class of Worker)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Industry)

Compare 

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Industry)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Industry)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Occupation)

Compare 

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Occupation)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Occupation)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Bedrooms)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Bedrooms)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Bedrooms)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Contract, Gross, and Asking Rent)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Contract, Gross, and Asking Rent)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Contract, Gross, and Asking Rent)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Cost of Utilities)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Cost of Utilities)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Cost of Utilities)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (House Heating Fuel)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (House Heating Fuel)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (House Heating Fuel)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Kitchen Facilities)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Kitchen Facilities)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Kitchen Facilities)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Mortgage Status)

Compare with Caution

Starting in 2020, respondents who indicated that they had a home equity loan, but no first mortgage, were left as having no first mortgage. These units will still be included in the Tenure ‘with a mortgage’ category but will not have a first mortgage under Mortgage Status.

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Mortgage Status)

Compare with Caution

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census; however, mortgage status can be obtained from the tenure question (owned with a mortgage or loan, including home equity loans; or owned free and clear, without a mortgage or loan). 

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Mortgage Status)

Compare with caution

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census; however, mortgage status can be obtained from the tenure question (owned with a mortgage or loan, including home equity loans; or owned free and clear, without a mortgage or loan). 

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Occupants per Room)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Occupants per Room)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Occupants per Room)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Owner Costs as a Percentage of Household Income)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Owner Costs as a Percentage of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Owner Costs as a Percentage of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Plumbing Facilities)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Plumbing Facilities)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Plumbing Facilities)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Real Estate Taxes)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Real Estate Taxes)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Real Estate Taxes)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Rooms)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Rooms)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Rooms)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Selected Monthly Owner Costs)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Selected Monthly Owner Costs)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Selected Monthly Owner Costs)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Telephone Service)

Compare 

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Telephone Service)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Telephone Service)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Tenure)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Tenure)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Tenure)

Compare

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Units in Structure)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Units in Structure)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Units in Structure)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Vacancy Status)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Vacancy Status)

Do Not Compare

Because the ACS and the Decennial Census differ in their design and data collection methods, users should note that estimates of vacancy rates may also differ. For more information on vacancy rates between the ACS and Census, see Comparing 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates of Occupancy Status, Vacancy Status, and Household Size with the 2010 Census - Preliminary Results

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Vacancy Status)

Do Not Compare

Because the ACS and the Decennial Census differ in their design and data collection methods, users should note that estimates of vacancy rates may also differ. For more information on vacancy rates between the ACS and Census, see Comparing 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates of Occupancy Status, Vacancy Status, and Household Size with the 2010 Census - Preliminary Results.

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Value of Property)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Value of Property)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Value of Property)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Vehicles Available)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Vehicles Available)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Vehicles Available)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Year Moved In)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Year Moved In)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Year Moved In)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

 

2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Year Structure Built)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Year Structure Built)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Year Structure Built)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Group Quarters Population)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Group Quarters Population)

Compare with Caution

The total group quarters (GQ) population in the ACS may not be comparable with Census 2020 because there are some Census 2020 GQ types that were out of scope in the ACS such as maritime/merchant vessels, soup kitchens, regularly scheduled mobile food vans, and shelters for victims of natural disasters. “” The exclusion of these GQ types from the ACS may result in a small bias in some ACS estimates to the extent that the excluded population is different from the included population.

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Group Quarters Population)

Compare with Caution

The total group quarters (GQ) population in the ACS may not be comparable with the 2010 Census.  The ACS does not include all the GQ types that are found in the decennial census such as maritime/merchant vessels, soup kitchens, regularly scheduled mobile food vans, and shelters for victims of natural disasters. The exclusion of these GQ types from the ACS may result in a small bias in some ACS estimates to the extent that the excluded population is different from the included population.

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Health Insurance)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Health Insurance)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Health Insurance)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Computer and Internet Use)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Computer and Internet Use)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Computer and Internet Use)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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2021 ACS 1-Year with 2019 ACS 1-Year (Citizen, Voting-Age Population)

Compare

2021 ACS with 2020 Census (Citizen, Voting-Age Population)

The question was not asked in the 2020 Census

2021 ACS with 2010 Census (Citizen, Voting-Age Population)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

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* Each subject area is listed with its 2-digit code identifier. This code corresponds to the second and third characters of the ACS table number. For example, Table B08303 - Travel Time to Work has the second and third digits of "08" which corresponds to the subject Journey to Work; Workers; and Commuting.

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