From the Guide to 2010 State and Local Census Geography — North Carolina, History:
The area of North Carolina was part of the original territory of the United States. Both North Carolina and South Carolina were included in the charter that established Carolina in 1663. The two areas separated in 1712—a separation that was finalized when the Carolina Colony was dissolved in 1729—with generally the same shared boundary as the present states. However, they did not settle on a final boundary until 1813. North Carolina ratified the U.S. Constitution on November 21, 1789; it was the 12th of the original 13 states to join the Union. North Carolina ceded its territory westward to the Mississippi River, comprising present-day Tennessee, to the United States in 1790, to assume generally the same boundary as the present state.
Census data for North Carolina are available beginning with the 1790 census. For an explanation of the revision to the 1810 population of North Carolina, see Richard L. Forstall, Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996, page 118.
From QuickFacts: statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.
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Sources: 2018 Population and Housing Unit Estimates; 2013-2017 American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates; 2010 Census.
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Source: 2018 Population and Housing Unit Estimates.
Source: 2018 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.
Note: After you create an account, select options for State Export Data (Origin of Movement) or State Import Data (State of Destination) by HS or NAICS. Select State (North Carolina) and Measures, Commodity, Country and/or Time for data. For more information, see Quick Start Guide.
Sources: 2014 Population and Housing Unit Estimates and 2014 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.
Sources: 2009-2013 American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, 2012 Survey of Business Owners and Self-Employed Persons (SBO) and other federal data.
Source: 2012 Economic Census. The U.S. Census Bureau will release 2017 Economic Census statistics from September 2019 through 2021.