Due to a variety of physical, mental, and emotional conditions, an estimated 49 million noninstitutionalized Americans (about 1 in 5) have a disability. Of these persons, 24 million have a "severe" disability.
The first section of this Brief describes the disability status of persons aged 15 years and older; the last section details children's disabilities. The box on the back defines "severe" disabilities.
This Brief examines the number of persons with specific types of disabilities, their demographic characteristics, the impact of having a disability on employment status and health insurance coverage, and more. The data were collected in the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) between October 1991 and January 1992.