This report presents data on the income of households, families, and persons in the United States for the calendar year 1990. These data were compiled from information collected in the March 1991 Current Population Survey (CPS) conducted by the Bureau of the Census. The survey consisted of approximately 60,000 households nationwide. This report is the first in the P-60 Series to include State income estimates.
The official income estimates in this report are based solely on money income before taxes and do not include the value of noncash benefits such as food stamps, Medicare, Medicaid, public housing, and employer-provided fringe benefits. For a discussion of the effects of taxes and noncash benefits on income in 1990; see Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 176-RD, Measuring the Effect of Benefits and Taxes on Income and Poverty: 1990.
This report begins with a section on household income, with year-to-year comparisons by region, age of householder, type of residence, race and Hispanic origin, and type of household. This is followed by sections on changes in family income by type of residence, race, Hispanic origin, family composition, and age. Sections on income of year-round, full-time workers, per capita income, income inequality and characteristics of high-income households follow the family section.
The report concludes with a discussion of the trends in money income based on two alternative measures of inflation, the CPI-U-X1 and CPI-U, and a section discussing State income data.
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.