This report contains data on the characteristics of households and persons receiving noncash benefits in 1983. These data were obtained from the March 1984 Current Population Survey (CPS) conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Noncash benefits can be defined as benefits received in a form other than money that serve to enhance or improve the economic well-being of the recipient. Data collection in March 1984 concentrated on two major categories of noncash benefits: those that are usually defined as public transfers and employer- or union-provided benefits to employees. In the area of public noncash transfers, the survey covered the following programs: the Food Stamp Program, the National School Lunch Program, public and other subsidized rental housing, Medicare health insurance, Medicaid health insurance, and CHAMPUS, VA, or military health insurance. Data were collected for two types of employer- or union-provided noncash benefits: pension plans and group health insurance plans. Income data contained in this report is limited to money income before the payment of Federal, State, local, or Social Security (FICA) taxes and any other deductions. It does not include the values assigned to any of the noncash benefits collected in the CPS.
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.