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Demographic and Socioeconomic Aspects of Aging in the United States

Written by:
Report Number P23-138


This report brings together and analyzes data on selected topics related to the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the older population in the United States. The report covers, for older persons, age, sex, and race; geographic distribution and residential mobility; mortality, survival, and health; and various social and economic characteristics, including marital status and living arrangements, educational attainment, work status, and income.

The data come from the 1980 Census of Population, the Current Population Survey, the Census Bureau program of population estimates and projections, the vital statistics registration system, the National Health Survey, Social Security records, and other national data sources.

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

Page Last Revised - October 28, 2021
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