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Lifetime Work Experience and Its Effects on Earnings: Retrospective Data From the 1979 Income Survey Development Program

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Report Number P23-136


This report presents data on periods of interruption in work cross-classified by sex, school years completed, race, and Spanish origin. The report concludes that such interruptions accounted for little of the discrepancy between earnings of men and women. The study does not attempt to assess the importance of non-market factors–such as the possibility that some women choose flexible, low paying jobs that permit family activities. However, the data indicate that differences in such varibles as education, general work experience, and work interruptions do not explain the income gap between men and women.

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

Page Last Revised - October 28, 2021
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