Estimates in this report for 1980 are based on adjustment of weighted sample results to independent estimates of the civilian noninstitutional population derived from the 1980 Census of Population. Previously published data for 1979 have been revised using the 1980 census population controls in order to make these data comparable with the new estimates. These revised figures are shown in table 1. All references to changes between 1979 and 1980 are based on the comparisons of the revised 1979 estimates. Details concerning the introduction of the 1980 census population figures can be found in the section, "Introduction of 1980 Census Population Controls." Because of modifications to data processing procedures, the data shown in this repcrt for 1979 may differ slightly from those published in the Series P-23, No. 110 report.
This report contains data on selected characteristics of households receiving noncash benefits in 1980. These data were obtained from the March 1981 Current Population Survey (CPS) conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Noncash benefits can be defined as benefits received in a form other than money which serve to enhance or improve the economic well-being of the recipient. In order to learn more about the economic and demographic characteristics of persons receiving noncash benefits, the Census Bureau began in March 1980 to supplement the collection of annual money income data in the CPS with questions designed to collect information on a selected group of noncash benefits.
The data collection in March 1981 concentrated on two major categories of noncash benefits: public transfers and employer- or union-provided benefits to employees. In the category of public noncash transfers, the survey covered the following programs: Food Stamp Program; National School Lunch Program; public and other subsidized housing; Medicare health insurance; Medicaid health insurance; and CHAMPUS, VA, or military health insurance. Data were collected for two types of employer- or union-provided noncash benefits: pension plans and group health insurance plans.
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.