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Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level: 1977

Report Number P60-119

This report presents detailed social and economic statistics for the population of the United States below the poverty level in 1977 based on the March 1978 Current Population Survey (CPS). As in previous poverty reports, data are presented by selected characteristics such as race, family status, residence, education, work experience, and type and source of income. It should be noted that the term "householder" has been used in the text of this report in place of the term "head", which appears in the detailed tables. See the section "Head vs. Householder" for further details.

The poverty threshold for a nonfarm family of four persons was $6,191 in 1977, about 6.5 percent higher than the comparable 1976 figure of $5,815. The poverty thresholds are updated every year to reflect changes in the annual average Consumer Price Index (CPI). See page 203 for a detailed explanation of the poverty concept. In this text, the terms "poverty," "low-income," and "poor" are used interchangeably.

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

Page Last Revised - October 8, 2021
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