According to estimates from the March 1977 Current Population Survey (CPS), the Northeast region had net outmigration of blacks from March 1975 to March 1977. The survey asked respondents where they have lived in March 1975, and the data indicated that during this 2-year period, 43,000 Blacks 2 years old and over moved to the Northeast and 147,000 moved from the region, giving it a net outmigration of 104,000 Blacks 2 years old and over.
From 1960 to 1970 and in most decades since the Civil War the Northeast had net inmigration of Blacks; thus, the change to net outmigration since 1970 represents an alteration of a long-standing pattern of migration among Blacks. 1 This change in the Northeast's pattern of net migration of Blacks comes about as a result of both fewer Blacks moving to the region and more Blacks leaving the region.2
Like the Northeast, the North Central region has experienced changes in Black migration patterns in recent years. In the period from March 1975 to March 1977, as in 1970 to 1975, the number of Blacks moving to the North Central region was not significantly different from the number of Blacks moving from the region. This approximate equality in the number of Blacks moving to and from the region represents a substantial change since the 1960's, When the region had a large net inmigration of Blacks.3
1 U.S. Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, Bicentennial Edition, Part 1. Washington, D.C.: U.S: Government Printing Office, 1975.
2 U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-20, No. 285, "Mobility of the Population of the United States: March 1970 to March 1975." Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975.
3 U.S. Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, Bicentennial. Edition, Part 1. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975.