A statistical description of the current social and economic status of black Americans is presented in this report, which is the seventh in a series on the subject. The particular focus of this report is on the changes which have occurred in the 1970's in population distribution, income, education, employment, family composition, health, voting, and other major aspects of life. Comparisons are made with the mid- and late 1960's. Comparable data on blacks are not always available so the time period used varies in the report; however, the most current data available are always presented.
Generally, to date, the 1970's have been characterized by a mixed pattern of development as compared with the 1960’s, the decade when major social and economic advances were made by blacks. Blacks have shown continued progress in education and the acquisition of elected offices. In other areas, such as income, the picture is particularly mixed with significant regional and family status variation, although the overall income ratio between black and white families has declined.
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.