Statistics describing the general, social, and economic characteristics of the black population in the United States are presented in this report, which is the sixth in a series on the subject. In general, the report focuses on the changes which have occurred within the last five years in income, employment, education, housing, health, and other major aspects of life. The most current data available are presented here.
During the 1960’s, blacks made substantial social and economic gains in many of the areas mentioned above. In recent years, progress continued in some areas—notably, education; however, in some other areas, no improvements were noted. And in 1973, blacks still remained behind whites in most social and economic areas.
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.