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1970 Census - Subject Reports: American Indians

Report Number PC(2)-1F

This report presents statistics on the American Indian population, cross-classified by various social and economic characteristics for the United States, regions, selected States, standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSA's), Indian tribes, and identified reservations. Selected housing characteristics also are given. The data are based on the 1970 Census of Population.

The text consists of an introduction and Appendices A through E, which appear after the tables.

Content of the Tables

  • Table 1 – American Indian population classified by sex and urban-rural residence for the United States, regions, divisions, and States
  • Tables 2-10 – characteristics such as age, family composition, marital status, school enrollment, employment status, occupation, income in 1969, and housing for the United States, regions, and selected States by urban-rural residence
  • Tables 11-15 – statistics on social, economic, and housing characteristics for selected SMSA's, Indian tribes, and identified reservations
  • Tables 16 and 17 – age and sex distributions for all the reservations and tribes identified in the 1970 census
  • Table 18 – mother tongue by age and sex for all Indians and for those living on identified reservations


  • Appendix A. General Information Concerning the Data
  • Appendix B. Area Classifications
  • Appendix C. Definitions and Explanations of Subject Characteristics
  • Appendix D. Accuracy of the Data
  • Appendix E. Publication and Computer Summary Tape Program

Sample size. The statistics in this report are based on a 15-percent sample adjusted to represent the total population.

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A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

Page Last Revised - October 8, 2021
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