(The table presented here is a reprint of table 62 from Final Report PC(1)-B1, General Population Characteristics, United States Summary, which contains additional summary Information on general characteristics of the population, as well as more detailed technical explanations)
In Florida in 1970, the median age of the population was 32.3 years, and persons 65 years old and over constituted 14.6 percent of the total. In these terms, the population of Florida was older than that of any other State. This situation reflects the substantial in-migration of elderly persons to the State.
In Alaska, at the opposite extreme, the median age of the population was 22.9 years and only 2.3 percent of the population was 65 years old and over. The relative youth of the population of Alaska is characteristic of a rapidly growing frontier area with a heavy in-migration of young adults. The relatively large number of Armed Forces stationed in Alaska and their dependents also contributes to the low median age of the population. The median age of the population of other than white races, which accounts for about 20 percent of the total population, and which is composed in large part of Indians, Eskimo, and Aleuts, was 18.7 years.
In addition to Florida, there were four States in which the median age was relatively high–Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and West Virginia. The medians for these States ranged between 30 and 31 years. At the other end of the distribution, four States–South Carolina, Louisiana, New Mexico, and Utah–had median ages greater than that for Alaska but still under 25 years.
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.