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Concepts and Methods used in Manpower Statistics from the Current Population Survey

Report Number P23-22

This report describes the concepts and methods used in the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey which is conducted each month with a scientifically selected sample representing the noninstitutional civilian population of the United States. This survey provides monthly statistics on employment, unemployment, and related subjects which are analyzed and published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor.1

These monthly statistics are first issued in a summary press release within 2 weeks after completion of the survey. More detailed information is published in the Labor Department’s Employment and Earnings and Monthly Report on the Labor Force. Both publications also incorporate data from surveys of business establishments and from the unemployment insurance system.

1 In addition to the collection of labor force data, the Current Population Survey is used by the Bureau of the Census to collect statistics on education, migration, family size and composition, income, fertility, and housing vacancies. On an increasing scale, it has also been used to collect information for many other Government agencies on a wide range of subjects which are best approached through household interviews.

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.


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