This report presents summary statistics on families in March 1966 residing in "Poverty Areas" within standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSA's) with a 1960 population of 250,000 or more. The Poverty Area designation was developed by the Bureau of the Census as part of its work for the Office of Economic Opportunity to improve the measurement of statistics on poverty in the United States. It classifies households included in the Current Population Survey by their neighborhood characteristics, using 1960 Census data. This concept makes it possible, for the first time, to compare the characteristics of families residing in areas of major concentrations of poverty with those living in other portions of large metropolitan areas of the United States. It is not intended as a current measure of poverty status for individual SMSA's.
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.