This report describes the relationship of socioeconomic status to selected demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the population. Two summary socioeconomic measures developed in connection with the 1960 Census program are used: (1) A multiple-item socioeconomic status score (which combines measures of occupation, education, and income), and (2) a status consistency type, designed to indicate whether the components of the multiple-item score are at about the same or different levels and, when at different levels, the pattern of inconsistency. Related variables included in this report are age, color, urban-rural residence, labor force status, and fertility of women. The data are based on a sample of 1-in-1,000 of the 1960 Census records and are subject to sampling variability as explained in the section on "Source and reliability of the estimates."
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.