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1960 Census: Population, Supplementary Reports: Low Income Families

Report Number PC(S1)-43

This report presents statistics on income in 1959 of families and unrelated individuals with selected characteristics. The statistics in this report are in the form of two major tables--

Table 1, All families and those with incomes under $3,000 in 1959, by age, color and sex of head; and

Table 2, All unrelated individuals and those with incomes under $1,500 in 1959, by age and color, which provide data by States for families and unrelated individuals

--and a series of text tables which summarize State data and facilitate comparisons among States and comparisons of individual States or regions with the United States.

For the country as a whole, the median family income rose substantially from 1949 to 1959. The 1959 median family income of $5,700 was $2,600, or 84 percent, above its 1949 level. Table A indicates that the change in median family income was relatively greater in States having lower median family incomes in 1949. Of the six States with median family incomes below $2,000 in 1949, four had increases of over 100 percent; the other two showed increases of 99 percent. All States with a median family income above $2,000 in 1949 had an increase of less than 100 percent.

When one looks at additional statistics for the 9,7 million families whose 1959 incomes were under $3,000, it is found 2.2 million were white families with an aged male head, l.4 million were white families with a female head, 1.6 million were white families with a male head under 65 who was unemployed part of the year, and 2.0 million were nonwhite families. These four groups together accounted for about three-fourths of the low income families in 1959.

The PDF to the right contains the 55-page report.


A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.


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