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1960 Census of Population: Subject Reports: Families

Report Number PC(2)-4A

National and Regional Statistics on Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics of Families, by Type

The final reports of the 1960 Population Census are arranged in three volumes and a joint Population-Housing series of census tract reports. Volume II (Series PC(2) reports) are Subject Reports. Each report concentrates on a particular subject. Detailed information and cross-relationships are generally provided on a national and regional level. In a few reports, data for States or standard metropolitan statistical areas are also shown.

This report, designated as PC(2)-4A, presents statistics on characteristics of families based on a 5-percent sample of households; however, some of the data pertaining to housing characteristics of families are based on a 4-percent or 1-percent sample. The data are presented nationally for all the characteristics, and for regions, urban and rural areas, and selected large standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSA's) and counties for some characteristics.

This report features data on family composition and on social, economic, and housing characteristics of families in relation to the life cycle of the family, as determined by tabulations of families by age of head and by duration of marriage of the head. The life cycle patterns based on the cross-section of families in 1960 may differ somewhat from patterns based on a longitudinal study of families.

The social characteristics include age and sex of head, race and color of head, country of origin of heads and wives of foreign or mixed parentage, marital status of head, whether head and wife had been married more than once, age at first marriage of head and wife, year of first marriage of head, education of head and wife and of other family members, presence of children above or below the modal educational level for their age, mobility status of head and of other family members, metropolitan or nonmetropolitan residence of head in 1955 and 1960, and whether resident of central city or fringe of urbanized area in 1960.

The economic characteristics of families shown here include labor force status of head and wife, major occupation group of head and wife, hours worked by head, years since wife (not in labor force) last worked, weeks worked and earnings of wife in 1959, and income of head and of family in 195"9. ·

The housing characteristics of primary families and primary individuals shown include tenure, number of units in structure, year the unit was built, plumbing facilities, value or rent of housing unit as a percent of family income, presence of several specific types of housing durables, and presence and use of automobile.

The PDF to the right contains the Title Page, Preface, Acknowledgments, Final Reports (list), Contents, Introduction and Tables 1 – 13 (page 110).

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

Page Last Revised - October 8, 2021
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