The average (median) earnings of men who had civilian employment in 1946 and resided in nonfarm areas was about $2,100 as compared with $1,000 for women, according to estimates issued today by J. C. Capt, Director, Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. Those earners who worked full time as civilians during the year made considerably more, the corresponding figures being $2,600 for men and $1,700 for women.
The 1946 income data presented in this report are based on a sample survey conducted by the Bureau of the Census in April, 1947. Since the estimates are based on a sample, they are subject to sampling variability. The smaller figures, as well as small differences between figures, should be used with particular care, as explained in the section on reliability of estimates. Nevertheless, the relationships revealed by the data should be useful for analytical purposes. The nature of some of these relationships is indicated by the following paragraphs which give brief comments relating to the several tables. Tables l to 7 relate to families and to individuals not in families,1 distributed by total money income level; table 8 relates to persons 14 years of age and over distributed by total money income level; and tables 9 to 18 relate to persons 14 years of age and over distributed by civilian money earnings level.
1 The definition of family used in this series of reports and in Series P-20, No. 17, is different from that used in the l940 census reports. A family is defined here as a group of two or more related persons residing in the same household or occupying the same quarters in a quasi household (hotel, large rooming house, etc.). The term "individual" is used to refer to a person living alone or with persons none of whom is related to him. See section entitled "Definitions of terms and explanations."
(The statistics presented in this report supplement the data published in Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 1, January 28, 1948)
Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.